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What makes Period Cramps Worse? Causes and Prevention


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What makes Period Cramps Worse? Causes and Prevention


Menstrual cramps, also known as dysmenorrhea, can bring discomfort and distress to individuals experiencing menstruation.

While painkillers and anti-inflammatories may offer temporary relief, long-term usage isn’t advisable and may not work for everyone.

However, a recent research review focusing on teenage girls suggests that making dietary adjustments can potentially alleviate menstrual cramps.

The study highlights certain foods that worsen cramps and recommends anti-inflammatory alternatives to mitigate the discomfort.

Let’s delve into the findings to understand how dietary choices can influence period-related pain.

Role of Inflammation in Menstrual Cramps:

Menstrual cramps are triggered by prostaglandins, which cause the uterus to contract and shed its lining.

In some cases, this process causes mild discomfort, while others may experience intense pain due to heightened inflammation.

It is essential to recognize the foods that exacerbate inflammation and those that help alleviate it.

Foods to Avoid During Menstruation:

The research review identified specific foods that contribute to increased menstrual pain.

How can I Relieve Period Cramps
Young woman feeling Menstrual pains

These include meat, oils, sugars, salts, and coffee.

These “inflammatory foods” are believed to stimulate prostaglandin release, resulting in vasoconstriction and reduced blood flow to the uterine muscles.

Such conditions lead to uterine cramping and heightened dysmenorrhea.

Reducing the intake of these inflammatory foods is recommended to potentially alleviate menstrual pain.

Beneficial Foods:

On the other hand, the review found that foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids have anti-inflammatory properties, which may help reduce menstrual cramps.

Omega-3 fatty acids can be found in oily fish like salmon and sardines, as well as in flaxseeds and nuts.

A diet incorporating fresh fruits and vegetables, particularly when following a vegan or plant-based approach, was associated with lower inflammation levels and decreased likelihood of experiencing menstrual pain.

The Holistic Approach:

Individuals seeking a more holistic approach to manage menstrual health may

consider adopting an anti-inflammatory diet and making dietary modifications.

Though not everyone needs to adhere strictly to an anti-inflammatory diet, reducing the intake of inflammatory foods can help reduce inflammation associated with menstrual pain.

Consultation and Considerations:

Before making significant dietary changes, it is essential to consult with a healthcare professional to rule out any underlying causes of menstrual cramps.

Conditions like endometriosis should be ruled out before proceeding with dietary adjustments.

However, the research review underscores the connection between diet and menstrual cramps, suggesting that modifying one’s diet can be effective in reducing pain.

Also, read: Menstrual Cramps Causes and Symptoms: Understanding the Throbbing Pain


What makes Period Cramps Worse

In conclusion, the research review on dietary impact and menstrual cramps offers valuable insights into the role of inflammation and specific foods in exacerbating or alleviating period-related pain.

By limiting the consumption of inflammatory foods and incorporating anti-inflammatory options like omega-3 rich sources, individuals may find relief from the monthly discomfort associated with menstruation.

Remember, small dietary changes can make a significant difference in managing menstrual cramps effectively.


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